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by Dhruv, 25 Apr 2023

It is the largest gland in the human body. It is located in the lower part of the diaphragm muscle in the abdominal cavity. It is made of liver cells or hepatocytes.


A different function of Liver

1)Metabolic function

2)Synthesis function: Synthesis of plasma protein and cholesterol

3)Excretory Function: Excretion of bile pigments and bile salts into bile

4)Detoxification: Ammonia is detoxified to urea

5)Regulation of blood glucose level: By hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenic

6)Storage function for Glycogen Vitamin A, D, K, B12, and Fe



1) Fatty Liver

2) Jaundice

3) Liver Cirrhosis





Diagnosis & Investigation

1)Liver Function Test 

2)US Abdomen (Ultrasonography Abdomen)


Liver Cirrhosis

It is a condition where the Liver becomes very stiff. Normally Liver is soft like rubber and when a person is cirrhotic the liver becomes stiff.

It has 2 Categories

  1. Compensated Liver Cirrhosis

2)Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis has symptoms such as Swelling of the face, swelling of legs, and swelling of the abdomen.




Diagnosis & Investigation

  1. Lab Test

Liver Function Test


LFT can be classified into 5 classes according to the function of the liver


How To Deal With Liver Cirrhosis


Decompensated liver Cirrhosis



Hepatic encephalopathy (coma-like condition) commonly known as mental confusion, can set in because the body might have lots of toxins get into the brain and lead to hepatic encephalopathy. Protein content will go down and it can lead to water accumulation in the legs and it is called Pedal edema.

Also, water accumulation can take place in the abdomen called Ascites, and sometimes in the face called Facial edema.

Further, it can also lead to damage to the kidney called hepatorenal syndrome, and also damage to the lung called hepatopulmonary syndrome.



So, Control your lifestyle, obesity, diabetes Mellitus, and Hepatitis B and C.

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